Arcadia: mountainous region of the central Peloponnesus (Modern Greek: Pelopónnisos) of ancient Greece. The pastoral character of Arcadian life together with. Arcadia (Greek: Ἀρκαδία) was a region in the central Peloponnese. It took its name from the mythological character Arcas and in Greek mythology, it was the Major cities : Mantinea , Tegea , Arcadian Orcho. Arcadia is the name of a region in modern-day Greece, but it was also a place of reference in ancient Greek mythology. It was located in the Peloponne. In European Renaissance arts, Arcadia was celebrated as an unspoiled, harmonious wilderness. He was the first inhabitant of Arcadia and the first king of that country, teaching his people to build houses and to sort out useful plants from weed. Tsakonian Greekstill spoken metro in freiburg the coast of modern Arcadia but in the Classical period considered the southern Argolid coast immediately adjoining Arcadiais a descendant of Doric Greekand as such is an extraordinary example of a surviving regional dialect of archaic Greek. At Tegea there are remains of the temple of Athena Alea, which was rebuilt c. Demographers expected that its population would halve between and the early 21st century. MantineaTegeaArcadian Orchomenos. Contact our editors with your feedback. If you would like to take part in an internship in Greece, please see our Athens Internship Program. Village of Kastanitsa on the southern slopes of Mt. Home - Biography - Works - History of interpretation - New hypotheses - Map of dialogues: By his mother, Arcas was a grandson of Pelasgus , the eponym of the Pelasgians, a people living in Greece before the Hellens. To the south-west, the border with Messania ran along the tops of Mount Nomia , and Mount Elaeum , and from there the border with Elis ran along the valleys of the Erymanthos and Diagon rivers. Arcadia was the site of major and decisive battles during the War of Independence of against the Turcs.